21.08.2019
 Kantian Ethics vs . Utilitarianism Essay

Teleology, an explanation of phenomena by the purpose they will serve instead of postulated causes, has found the place in the construction of many systems of values such as Steve Stuart Mill's theory of Utilitarianism. In teleological ways to morality, queries of correct and wrong, or the notion what an individual ought to do, will be determined by the results of a presented action. A single thinker to reject this kind of idea of consequentialism was Immanuel Kant. In the Groundwork from the Metaphysics of Morals, Margen endeavors to establish a system of ethics which has no trace of the scientific nature of utilitarianism. To him, " the meaning worth of an action would not lie in the effect anticipated from that and so as well does not sit in any basic principle of action that needs to acquire its objective from this expected effect” (Groundwork, 56). Instead of determine meaningful worth depending on cause and effect, Kant seeks to ascertain a best moral basic principle that is general in characteristics, lacking virtually any inkling of desires or perhaps inclinations which have been subjective for the experiences of the individual. This basic principle must precede any sort of empirical knowledge, and must consequently be based upon backward intuitions of our reason. Generator, on the other hand, refutes the idea of this kind of a priori foundation ethics. In his work, Utilitarianism, Mill states that ethical worth should be determined for the bases of a fundamental theory based upon learned experience, particularly the Principle of Electricity. Under said principle, actions are to be evaluated on the characteristics of their final result, not issues relation to a supreme essential. In this paper I will reconstruct Kant's review of teleology in moral matters, followed by a response to said analyze based on the guidelines that Generator lays out in Utilitarianism. Ultimately, I will show that, although Mill's protection is valid, Kant's minimal and general system of morality provides a much more sensible method to examining just how humans ought to act. Kant begins his Groundwork having a...